Leptospirosis is a disease caused by a spiral-shaped bacteria knows as Leptospira. Most commonly, a dog becomes infected by coming into contact with the urine of an infected rat. In turn, the disease can be transmitted to a person by coming into contact with the infected dog's urine. Leptospirosis in both dogs and humans can lead to liver damage and kidney failure.
However there are vaccines against leptospirosis available for dogs to help prevent infection, thereby minimizing risk of transmission to humans.
It is important to follow your vet's recommended vaccination schedule against this and other diseases to protect your dog and ensure optimum health.
Image: skeeze | pixabay.com